WHAT IS IT? Skilled treatment method used to enhance functional abilities. The therapists uses the properties of water to enhance a therapy program in a fun and natural environment.
WHAT ARE THE PROPERTIES OF WATER?
Buoyancy: The upward pressure of the water on an object, resulting in floating.
Hydrostatic Pressure: Pressure exerted by a fluid on an object. Proportional to the depth measured from the surface. Pressure is exerted in all directions equally.
Viscosity: Resistance of water.
Thermodynamics: Effect of temperature of the water on the body.
HOW DO THESE PROPERTIES HELP?
Buoyancy: Allows for assisted movement, unweights a person reducing gravitational demand and allowing for greater ease of movement. -- Children may feel a sense of freedom of movement that they don't feel in any other environment
Hydrostatic Pressure: Provides joint support and stability to assist with body awareness, brain body connection, and balance. Re-directs blood flow to the chest to improve efficiency in the cardiorespiratory system and facilitate safe cardiovascular strengthening. Reduces inflammation and assists with pain management. -- Understanding position in space and challenging skills in a multitude of environments is what improves function and safety.
Viscosity: Provides resistance for strengthening and allows increased time for motor response and balance control. -- Providing the optimal challenge is what brings about the most progress.
Thermodynamics: Warmth of water facilitates relaxation and tone management for reduce pain and increased mobility. -- A calm mind and body is one that can learn and perform.
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM AQUATIC PT? People who have...
Orthopedic concerns/Post-Operative Decreased endurance
Abnormal muscle tone & poor postural control Poor breath control
Impaired gross motor skills Neurological conditions
Poor balance, coordination, or gait Sensory or motor difficulties
Decreased strength & range of motion Delay in motor milestone achievement
Aquatic physical therapy helps build confidence and can assist in building self-esteem as well as, gross motor achievement
WHAT IS THE RESEARCH SAYING?